Colors as Adjective and Noun Modifier

My previous post is about colors as noun, typically in a sentence format it is ‘object of the sentence is equal to noun’.  For today’s post, color is used as an adjective or modifier to further describe a subject or noun.  So instead of saying the bag is red, one can simply say red bag and altogether this becomes one compound subject or object.

There is slight difference when using colors as adjective or modifier in a sentence, in some colors the word 색 (saek) which stands for color is dropped (please check post prior to this one), specifically the colors mentioned below marked in red.

  • 파란 (Paran) Blue
  • 검정 (Geomjeong) Black
  • 하얀 (Hayan) White
  • 빨간 (Ppalhan) Red
  • 노란 (Noran) Yellow
  • 초록색 (Choroksaek) Green
  • 주황색 (Chuhwangsaek) Orange
  • 보라색 (Borasaek) Purple
  • 핑크색 / 분홍색 (Pingkeusaek/Bunhongsaek) Pink
  • 은색 (Eunsaek) Silver
  • 금색 (Keumsaek) Gold
  • 갈색 (Galsaek) Light Brown
  • 밤색 (Bamsaek) Brown
  • 회색 (Hwisaek) Gray

Taking the example above on describing a bag,  here is how you can make use of color to state it:

  • 가방이 빨간색이에요 (Gabangi ppalgansaek-ieyo) – The bag is red.  This is one way to say it with reference to previous post.
  • 가방이 빨간아요 (Gabangi ppalganayo) – this would also mean the bag is red but the way color is used is as adjective or descriptive verb, so the form used is the 4th bullet.
  • 빨간 가방이 예뻐요 (Ppalgan gabangi yeppoyo) – this now means, the red bag is beautiful.

The last two examples provided made use of the color in the form of modifier or as adjective.   Just remember that whenever you use it as adjective, you need to use the inifinitive form, i made a post on how to form this a little long time ago.

Naming Colors in Korean

This is officially my first post for this year as I continue to learn Korean.  Some suggested i post something about colors as my header is really colorful =) So i thought of studying colors in Korean.  In fact when i started downloading some applications via iTunes,  i got this flash card type app and colors are one of the most words flashed.

So i read about this lesson on colors in Korean, i thought it was easy though there was some interesting facts i learned which makes it quite complicated for someone who is just starting to learn Korean.  Colors as we know in English is  noun of course and the counterpart in Korean is called 색 (saek – color).   To name colors in Korean, 색 is normally attached to the color it self like the sample below:

  • 파란색 (Paransake) Blue
  • 검정색 (Geomjeongsaek) Black
  • 하얀색 (Hayansaek) White
  • 빨간색 (Ppalhansaek) Red
  • 노란색 (Noransaek) Yellow
  • 초록색 (Choroksaek) Green
  • 주황색 (Chuhwangsaek) Orange
  • 보라색 (Borasaek) Purple
  • 핑크색 / 분홍색 (Pingkeusaek/Bunhongsaek) Pink
  • 은색 (Eunsaek) Silver
  • 금색 (Keumsaek) Gold
  • 갈색 (Galsaek) Light Brown
  • 밤색 (Bamsaek) Brown
  • 회색 (Hoesaek) Gray

All the words above pertains to color it self  when you want to modify a noun using color as modifier (i.e. blue car, red bag, pink shirt etc.) then another form is used.  This is where the little complication begins, the adjective form is a bit different from the noun form.  I may have to write another post about it.  As I have learned back then on  Korean sentence structure,  if there is an adjective form of word in Korean then the word can be used like how they use verb, not only as noun modifier but even as the end part of the statement (since verb , the most important part of Korean statement,  always comes last).

So to say  ‘The house is color gray‘  in Korean would be:  집이 회색이에요 (Jipi hwisaek-ieyo) in casual style or 집이 회색입니다 (Jipi hoesaekimnida) in formal style.  In this sentence form, the subject is described by stating its color.  Another example would be 테마 색이 파란색이에요 (Tema saeki paransaek-ieyo) which means — The theme color is blue.