Conditional Verb

I really spend little time now learning and reviewing my Korean.  Now is just high time to learn another type of verb in conditional form.   The conditional form is a two-shape ending;  -으면 (eumyeon)  attached to consonant ending base verbs and plain -면 (myeon) attached to vowel ending base verb.

When this ending is attached to verb its meaning becomes when/if <verb>.   This is how the verb is formed, see how base verb transform into its conditional form:

  • 가 (ka) –> 가면 (kamyeon) – when one goes or if one goes
  • 이쁘 (ippeu) –>  이쁘면 (ippeumyeon) – if something is cute or when its cute
  • 쓰 (sseu) –> 쓰면 (sseumyeon) – if one write or when someone writes
  • 먹 (meok) –> 먹으면 (meokeumyeon) – if one eats or when one eats
  • 받 (pad) –> 받으면 (padeumyeon) – if one gets or when one gets
  • 들 (deul) –>  들으면 (deureumyeon) – if one hears or when one hears

To an -ㄹ extending verb such as 사-ㄹ (sal, means live) the verb ending is attached on the extended form of the verb using 면 — as such 살면 (salmyeon) means if one lives or when one lives.   It’s a bit tricky, supposedly the extended form ends in consonant but the verb ending used if for vowel ending verbs which is 면.

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One Reply to “Conditional Verb”

  1. i am so glad i found your blog today… i have been studying korean on my own for nearly three years and am excited to read ALL your back-posts! your style is clear and even just this post on conditional verbs is a big help to me. 감사합니다!

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