I really spend little time now learning and reviewing my Korean. Now is just high time to learn another type of verb in conditional form. The conditional form is a two-shape ending; -으면 (eumyeon) attached to consonant ending base verbs and plain -면 (myeon) attached to vowel ending base verb.
When this ending is attached to verb its meaning becomes when/if <verb>. This is how the verb is formed, see how base verb transform into its conditional form:
- 가 (ka) –> 가면 (kamyeon) – when one goes or if one goes
- 이쁘 (ippeu) –> 이쁘면 (ippeumyeon) – if something is cute or when its cute
- 쓰 (sseu) –> 쓰면 (sseumyeon) – if one write or when someone writes
- 먹 (meok) –> 먹으면 (meokeumyeon) – if one eats or when one eats
- 받 (pad) –> 받으면 (padeumyeon) – if one gets or when one gets
- 들 (deul) –> 들으면 (deureumyeon) – if one hears or when one hears
To an -ㄹ extending verb such as 사-ㄹ (sal, means live) the verb ending is attached on the extended form of the verb using 면 — as such 살면 (salmyeon) means if one lives or when one lives. It’s a bit tricky, supposedly the extended form ends in consonant but the verb ending used if for vowel ending verbs which is 면.
One Reply to “Conditional Verb”
i am so glad i found your blog today… i have been studying korean on my own for nearly three years and am excited to read ALL your back-posts! your style is clear and even just this post on conditional verbs is a big help to me. 감사합니다!