Compound Verbs

So there is something called compound verbs in the Korean Language.  I am guessing that there is such as I have encountered some verbs which seems to be a formation of 2 stand alone verbs.  The versatile 하 (ha) verb which carries a meaning of does it or  thinks turns some descriptive verb into a processive one,  similar to what I have posted yesterday.

When 하 or 해요 is added to verbs like 좋아 (choa)  and 고마워 (komawo) these becomes a compound verb expressions which means  likes and grateful for respectively.  The infinitive verb + the verb 해 equals to a compound verb.

The 하 in this way becomes as auxiliary verb which completes the expression whether to make it negative or positive.  It is also in the auxiliary verb that the honorific marker is attached. Tenses likewise happens in the auxiliary verb.  Here are some examples:

  • 부러워해요 (bureowohaeyo) to be envious
  • 부러워 안 해요 (bureowo anhaeyo) is not envious
  • 부러워했어요  (bureowohaesseoyo) envied

Same can be applied to verb 행복요 (haengbokhaeyo) which means to be happy.  Manipulation happens in the auxiliary verb 해요.

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