Verb: Sequential Form (으) 니까

This suffix when attached to a regular base or past base form of the verb denotes sequence like the way English uses ‘since’ and ‘as’ to connect two clauses.  It denotes close sequence of action.   This is how it is formed:

Since or as

Base Past Base Probable Future*
하나까hanikka

does

했으니까haesunikka

did

할 거니까hal konikka

will do

먹으니까Meokeunikka

Eat

먹었으니까meokeosseunikka

ate

먹을 거니까moekeul konikka

will eat

* i have not posted on this verb form yet.

Verb in sequential form is often used as first clause with the second clause as suggestion. Here is an example:

제인이 만찬에 먹었으니까 지금 맥주를 마십시다 (Jeini manchane meokeoseunikka chikeum maekjureul mashipshida) – Since Jane ate dinner let’s now drink beer.

Another use of this verb form is to express something that happened in the past.  The first clause normally pertains to the speaker ‘I’ and then the second clause can be something (a resulting action) or an action of someone else. Example:

한국어를 공부하니까, 너무 재미 있어요 (Hangugeo kongbuhanikka, nomu chaemi issoyo). – Now that I study Korean, it’s a lot of fun.

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