Pointing Object or Subject

This is something that I learned in Korean 1 at the University that I am currently enrolled with.  How to express location.

  • 이 (i) mean this, used when pointing objects near the speaker
  • 그 (ku), means that, used when pointing objects far from the speaker
  • 저 (cho), means that over there, used when pointing objects that is a bit far from both the speaker and the listener.

This is normally used followed by a noun. So using the word 사람 (saram) which means person:

  • 이 사람 제 친구입니다 or 친구예요 (I sarami che chinguimnida/I saram.i che chinguyeyo) – This person is my friend
  • 그 사람 제 친구입니다 or 친구예요 (Ku sarami che chinguimnida/ Ku sarami che chinguyeyo) – That person  is my friend.
  • 저 사람 제 친구입니다 or 친구예요 (Cho sarami che chinguimnida/ Cho sarami che chinguyeyo) – That person overthere is my friend.

In red is the subject particle added to the word 사람 it is pronounced as saramee (‘i’ sounds like east).  This is used to mark subject in a sentence 가 (ka) if the subject ends in vowel. See previous post about subject particle.

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3 thoughts on “Pointing Object or Subject

  1. Hi! I’d like to know which university you are or were enrolled for korean language class? I noticed how organized the lessons you put in here and it seems like i’m learning more from here. I am enthralled to study this language due to, of course, the influence of koreanovela I watched just recently. Will you be kind enough to tell me which university you enrolled yourself? thank you very much. 🙂

    • most of the things i learned i got from reading books, listening to Korean music and watching dramas. i enrolled for one course Korean Class 1 in the University of the Philippines. If you are interested I can provide you with the email address of the Department.

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