In most of my readings on learning hangul, verbs have been described as the most important part of Korean sentence. Korean verbs can be generally classified as
- Descriptive – functions like an adjective, something that you use in a sentence ‘it is…’
- Processive – is the action word similar to the English counterpart
Some basic rules I learned from the book on use of verbs:
Descriptive verbs cannot take an object word marked as with particle (를 or 을) only processive verbs can take this word.
Processive verbs can also take indirect object marked with particle (한테 or 에게) and (한테서 or 에게서)
Copula 있어요 (issoyo) and 없어요 (opsoyo) cannot take object marked with (를 or 을). This means you cannot say 집을있어요 (Jipeul issoyo) — 집 pertaining to house or has house/house exists. This should be stated this way à 집이 있어요 (Jip-i issoyo).