I am at Chapter 4 of the book Elementary Korean. It’s getting exciting to read. I am just adjusting on the pronunciation guide. I like this Chapter because it seeks to explain some of the rules in pronouncing 한글characters.
Two sounds in one character. ㅂ,ㄱ, ㄹ andㄷ have dual sounds, chapter 4 of the Elementary Korean provided some rules on when ㅂ is pronounced ‘b’ or ‘p’ just like ㄱ can be ‘g’ or ‘k’. But there is more to that in terms of pronunciation in 한글.
In my previous readings, I am confused when 것 (thing) is romanized as k-o-t when it should have been k-o-s. This is where the basic pronunication will apply. There is this rule on pronouncing final consonants of a word. Only words ending in the following consonants can be pronounced or released ㄹ,ㅁ,ㄴand ㅇ like the following examples:
- 물 water (mool)
- 식당 restaurant (shik-tang)
- 가 슴 chest (kasum)
- 몬 mawn (window)
There is an exception for these characters ㅂ,ㄷ and ㄱ. Its sound can be released BUT the word should be followed by a particle or a special verb -이에요 (i-e-yo). Otherwise the consonant sound stay on the nose as if being swallowed (therefore not releasing it)…. this is really hard. Sound of the other consonants is reduced as follows:
- ㅂ,ㅍ,ㅃ —-> ㅂ (p)
- ㄷ,ㅌ,ㅅ,ㅆ,ㅈ,ㅉ,ㅊ —-> ㄷ (t)
- ㄱ,ㄲ,ㅋ —-> ㄱ (k)
Now I can say ㄷ is such a powerful character in terms of sound just imagine the sounds of all the characters that it can replace. This is going to be tough thing to remember especially when you are seeing all 한글.